An underfloor heating kit is a unique technology that is designed for warming up the floors of your homes. It is one of the latest techniques to keep the floor outside your shower rooms warm
The difference between wet and dry underfloor heating
With a Wet System, pipes are embedded in the floor and a controlled flow of warm water is pumped through, in turn, the heat from the pipes radiates and warms the floor. UFH systems do not need to be at high or boiling temperature levels. This is because of the surface area being heated – the heat is released to a large area and heats the floor evenly.
With a Dry System, while the principle remains the same, there is no water involved. An electric heating element is used instead as the heat source.
There are some reported health benefits from under floor heating. Those who suffer from respiratory issues should breathe easier due to transmission of heat via radiation – little circulation is created by the movement of warm air and therefore does not circulate allergens around the room. A radiator heats via convection and will create a dust circulation which may affect some people.
Similarly, those who suffer from circulatory problems may also enjoy UFH due to the radiating heat working at more even and lower humidity levels.
Underfloor Heating is also known to be more energy efficient, due to low water temperatures, even heat distribution and being designed to a building’s heat requirements.
Advantages of having underfloor heating to radiators.
One of the problems that many people have with having radiator’s in their homes, is that they take up a lot of space. With underfloor heating, you won’t have to worry about that. Once you have under heating installed, you will be having a lot more space and freedom to do what you like. In addition, underfloor heating can be suited to almost any type of flooring.
A further advantage is that you will not hear any unusual noises coming from the room, unlike radiators that can sometimes make sounds when switched on or off. This is an additional comfort, as you won’t have to worry about avoiding hot radiators and you will hardly notice the under floor’s heating’s presence.
A noticeable problem with radiators is, they are not very good for the air in the house as they tend to dry it out. You will not find this with underfloor heating and will notice the difference to the overall well being in your home. Underfloor heating is also beneficial for allergy and asthma suffers as it has a balance of convection and radiation which minimizes disturbance.
How to install underfloor heating.
The Underfloor heating kits come along with thermostats, a good quality mattress, and other accessories. The manufacturers sell them along with user manuals, which will accurately guide you in installing the heating systems in your home.
Once you install this system, you won’t have to step out of your shower onto a cold or freezing floor. Underfloor heating is based on the technique called radiant heating, which warms up the entire floor of your home. When compared to other heating systems, these warmers are quite easy to install and maintain.
These heaters can be fixed in any rooms, as they allow you to keep your entire house warm during the winters. There are different types of heater kits, especially designed for small and big sized rooms. You can select the appropriate electric underfloor heating kits, depending on your rooms size.
Online stores offer you with a variety of choices. Vendors keep updating their websites with latest designs of underfloor heating systems. You can choose the ones that serve your purpose in the best possible way. The prices of these warmers are quite reasonable, especially when compared to the other normal heaters.
1. Installing Dry Underfloor Heating.
The first step in the installation process is to remove the old floor covering. If you are installing in a new home with bare floors this step is obviously unnecessary. Once you have the old flooring removed you will need to ensure that your subfloor is thoroughly cleaned and perfectly level. With wood floors, you may need to level the floor or repair bad spots with plywood. Make sure that all nails, staples, tack strips and other debris are removed.
Once all of this is complete, it is time to lay the insulation on sub-floor top. Your electric underfloor heating kit will come with insulation that goes on the subfloor and all around the edges of the room. The insulation keeps heat from radiating under the home or losing heat around the edges of the floor.
Now it is time to lay the mesh pads that contain the heating coils. All that is required is to roll the mats out and cut the mesh to fit around corners and other objects. When cutting the mesh ensure that you don’t cut the heating wires. Once the mesh is laid, you will tack it down with the supplied tape or adhesive.
This can all be done by the homeowner if you purpose to do the project, but at this point, your work needs to be checked and signed off by a certified electrician. To avoid these many people have professional installers do the entire job.Once your system is inspected, you can then install your new flooring.
2.Installing wet Underfloor Heating.
To install a wet underfloor heating, some considerations must be made:
Installation of wet underfloor heating cannot be done beneath floor mounted units. Floor mounted units are common in bathrooms and kitchens.
Insulation of the spaces in which wet underfloor heating is to be installed is advisable. This is because the heat energy of circulated water may not be enough if heat losses are not prevented.
The floor height needs to be of a measurement that can allow installation of pipework. This is because the floor will be raised to accommodate various elements of the system including the pipe work and floor covering.
Start the installation process by dividing the area into two, it is also important to remember that the return and flow pipework is required. Also, note that the control valve is directional and thus ensure that the flow direction you require corresponds to that of the arrow on the valve body. The procedure below can then be followed.
Locate the best point to install the manifold. This should be on the wall at an appropriate point. The mixing manifold consists of valves, bleeders, gauges, a thermostatic head and the pump. The water from the boiler enters the manifold through the thermostatic head.
Locate and fix the adhesive fixing rails to the floor insulation. The number of the fixing rails is dependent on the length of each loop. It is also advisable to have the fixing rails equally spaced from each other. The arrangement of rails should be such that the fixing rails and the pipework intersect at right angles.
Connect the first end of the heated pipe to the manifold. Lay the pipework as required by fixing each pipe into the rail. This is usually with the help of insulation clips around pipe turns and between fixing rails. Finally, link the end of the loop pipe back to the manifold to complete the loop and repeat the same for all the remaining loops.
Fix the hose pipe to the manifold taps and fill it with water. This is for the purpose of filling the pipework and is not heated. Check for leakages and functioning of all installed components and correct accordingly.
Finally, complete your installation by connecting your system to the heating system while following the drawing instructions. This connection should be done when the system is certified to be working properly. Connect the pipe from the boiler outlet carrying heated water to flow inlet to the manifold. Start the boiler and check readings of the pressure gauge and the temperature gauge. The maximum values read from these gauges should be within the recommended range.
The benefits of underfloor heating
Anything which removes the maintenance need at home is definitely a positive thing and if underfloor is properly installed, it will require no maintenance. This saves time and money in the long run, providing you with a number of great benefits that make an easy and enjoyable life.
Underfloor heating provides heat to the entire floor, and therefore the entire room, which is not always the case when you use radiators or other traditional heating methods. If you need to ensure that everyone can feel warm and be comfortable in a room, you will realize that this is the most effective solution.
More design freedom
Given that underfloor heating allows you to remove radiators, you will realize that you will have greater freedom degree in creating the perfect look or appearance at your home. With no radiator needs, you have more wall space and you can place couches, furniture, and cabinets wherever you like.
One of the key benefits of underfloor heating comes with the fact that temperatures for each room can be set at individual levels. This is a marked improvement on heating systems which has a single thermostat for the entire home, helping you to heat your home effectively while saving money also.
Safety should always be paramount in the home and underfloor water heating systems provide more safety than traditional radiators, especially if you have pets or children at home. There is a reduced flow temperature when using underfloor heating and the removal of radiators from your property provides fewer warm areas to touch.
Your health and well-being.
With fewer radiators in your home, there are fewer places for dust to gather, helping to improve the air condition of your home. If anyone in your home suffers from allergies, significantly reducing the level of airborne dust is a big boost.
Floor heating advantages are also demonstrated by the fact that an underfloor heating system produces less airborne dust than the amounts associated with radiators and convection currents. This is a real plus for asthma sufferers and people with allergies.
It works with various flooring solutions
The flexibility of underfloor heating systems ensures that they can be used with a variety of surfaces and flooring solutions. This style of heating can also be utilized with tile and stone floors, allowing you to benefit from the aesthetic charm of these floors but not have to suffer the cold nature of these elements.
Flexibility in installation
The fact that this style of heating system can be applied to new build houses while also being able to be applied retrospectively to existing buildings mean that it is an option that is suitable for the majority of property owners.
Wet areas will dry quicker
When you have underfloor heating systems installed in your bathroom or kitchen, you will find that wet areas will dry quickly, creating a safer room and making for a more comfortable area.
Save money and the environment
Being able to take greater control of your heating around the home not only improves safety and efficiency, it will help you to save money. This is something that appeals to most home owners and as an added bonus, by using less energy, you are also helping the environment, which is another strong point in the modern era.